How to Build a Safe Room
Benefits of a Safe Room
Safe rooms are also referred to as panic rooms and served the purchase of creating a safe shelter within your home. This room can also serve as a form of security against theft and disaster. Most homes already have an area that can be easily converted into a safe room.
The following risks are suffered by home owners in the absence of not having a safe room.
• 9,082,887 homes are victim of property crimes.
• 548 tornado deaths with average 1,376 tornados per year.
• 14.4 million earth quakes annually with 1,400 measuring higher than a 5.9 on the Richter scale.
Where to Build a Safe Room
A garage is a good location to build a safe room as it has less potential of debris during a storm and offers more space to add a small room into.
Be sure to build on a ground floor as the interior walls are less likely to be compromised than the upper levels of a home.
The basement is a great option for areas with hurricanes and tornados so additional protection can be obtained from high winds.
Building a Safe Room
A safe room needs to have the following characteristics to ensure it can resist objects being projected and high velocity winds.
Walls – Use concrete or reinforced steel. Make sure they are anchored and windowless where possible.
Plexiglas – If adding windows make it Plexiglas as it is safer than glass.
Doors – Doors should be solid wood or metal for protection and reinforced door frame for security.
Keypad Lock on Doors – This provides instant locking without having to use deadbolts.
Video Monitoring System – A full security system allows intruders to be watched on the screen to monitor until police arrive.
Ventilation System – This is a good option for storm times where the air can become dusty and smoky. Filtering the air is helpful.
Hard Wired Phone – Cell phones cannot be reliable and a hard wired phoned will allow help and assistance to be reached from within.
What to Store
All safe rooms should hold approximately three days of supplies. View this list for ideas of what to include.
Food – Tinned food, ready to eat soup, granola bars, breakfast cereal, powdered milk, nonperishable foods, and ready to eat meals.
Water – 1 gallon of water per person for 3 day minimum.
Power Supply – Generator
First Aid – A full first aid kit, cell phone, and charger.
Other Supplies – Baby supplies, cash, hand sanitizer, toilet paper, sanitation bags, hygiene products, flashlight, batteries, radio, toys for kids, shovel, gloves, knives, saw, copies of all important documents.
Having a form of early warning system such as alarm or window squealers will help to notify you immediately of a risk to your safety so everyone in the family can immediately go to the safe room. Keeping up to date on natural disaster activities will also provide an opportunity to protect yourself as soon as possible.
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