Virginia Landlord Tenant Law: Important Points You Need To Know
Landlords and tenants in Virginia have certain rights and certain remedies that protect their best interests. Here are the important points you'll want to know about this state's landlord-tenant laws.
1. There Are Application Fee Limits.
Landlords or their agents are allowed to charge a maximum application fee of $50. This is exclusive of other expenses, such as a credit or background check, which may be performed.
2. Up To 2 Months' Rent Can Be Charged As a Security Deposit.
Landlords are required to pay interest on any security deposit that is held for 13 months or more. Once a tenant vacates a rental unit, the landlord has 45 days to return the security deposit or provide its remainder, any interest due, and an itemized list of authorized deductions to restore the unit from damage that went beyond normal wear and tear.
3. Not All Rental Units Are Covered By This Law.
The Virginia landlord-tenant laws apply to rentals in multi-unit apartment structures. Single family homes and other rentals may not be covered by all of the provisions or protections that the law provides other renters.
4. Tenants Have a Right To Privacy.
Landlords must provide tenants with a 24 hour notice to enter a premises for inspection, repair, or to show for sale. The only exceptions to this rule involve emergency repairs or if there is a tenant absence of 7 days or more to ensure the safety of the unit. Pesticide use requires a 48 hour notice.
5. Certain People Are Granted Special Rights.
Landlords must comply with Virginia laws if their tenant is the victim of domestic violence or certain criminal assaults.
6. An Eviction Can Be Started In Just 5 Days.
If a tenant fails to pay their rent on time, then a landlord may issue a 5 day notice to quit or pay. If the deadline passes without payment, then the tenant may lose possession of the rental property through court order. These important points to know cover only a small section of the Virginia residential landlord tenant laws. Be sure to seek legal counsel or review the specific state statutes in place for your specific situation before finalizing any decision.
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