What is the Eviction Process in Connecticut
The first step in the eviction process in Connecticut is the Notice to Quit Possession. Every tenant who lives at a rental property must receive this notice and it must have the specific reason for the eviction, such as not paying the rent or the lease expiring. Tenants must be given 3 days to move with this notice, but the first and last days are not counted. This means in Connecticut, 5 days must be given for a 3 day Notice to Quit. These additional steps must be completed for the eviction process to proceed.
1. Summons and Complaint.
If the tenant does not comply with the notice or rectify the situation which generated the notice, then a commissioner may issue a summons and complaint against the tenant that is returnable in 6 days, with a return to the court required 3 days before the return date.
2. Court Appearance.
If tenants fail to return the summons and complaint on time to contest an eviction, then landlords may file for a motion for judgment due to the failure to appear. All that is required is an endorsed copy of the Notice to Quit. This motion can also be filed if tenants answer the complaint, but fail to enter a plea. The court enters a judgment against a tenant after 3 days after a failure to plead.
If tenants do answer on time and appear, a trial will be scheduled 7-10 days after all pleadings have been appropriately filed. It is often recommended that landlords and tenants attempt to settle at this stage.
Landlords that receive a judgment in their favor can ask for an order that requires the tenant to move. This order is handled by the state marshal and once given to the tenant, requires them to move in 24 hours. If they do not, then the marshal can remove the tenant by force and transport their possessions to a local storage facility at tenant cost. There is generally a 5 day stay in this request, however, for the tenant to appeal or make arrangements.
The court in Connecticut can offer a 3 month stay on an eviction to tenants when rent remains unpaid or up to 6 months in other circumstances. The court can also order the tenant to pay the last agreed-upon rent. This can make certain evictions fairly complicated, but in the end, as long as the proper notices and pleadings are filed, the process will return a rental unit to the landlord's possession over time.
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