Michigan Landlord Tenant Law

Landlord/Tenant Law in Michigan Simplified by LandlordStation.com

The Michigan landlord tenant law is known as 1972 MCL 348 PL, commonly known as the Michigan Landlord Tenant Act and was enacted to regulate the relationship between a landlord and a tenant. The Michigan legislature specifically set out the rights and responsibilities of all the parties in their landlord tenant laws. Michigan law pertaining to rights as a landlord and tenant can be found at the Michigan Legislative website. The state of Michigan has also created a booklet to break some of these complex laws into common sense ideas and can be found here. The MSU College of Law has published a very helpful booklet that includes a variety of helpful information. The following is some of the information from both of these documents. This is meant to highlight important parts of the law and does not represent the provisions of the landlord tenant act in their entirety.

Landlord rights:

    • As a landlord, you should receive full payment of the rent on time, so long as you keep the rental property in good condition.
    • Tenants should let you know when they are leaving town for an extended period of time.
    • Tenants should request repairs in a timely manner and in writing.
    • Tenants must abide by all terms of the signed lease.
    • Month to month tenants must provide 30 days written notice before moving, unless the rental agreement specifies another notice period.
  • Landlord responsibilities:

    • Landlords must comply with all health and building codes that apply to the rental property.
    • Landlords must make requested repairs promptly.
    • Landlords must give the tenants 24 hours written notice prior to entering their home, except in emergencies.
    • Landlords must maintain peace and quiet. Ensure that tenants can live on the property in peace, without unreasonable disturbances from you or other tenants.
    • Landlords must give fifteen days written notice of any changes in a month-to-month agreement, such as rent increases, unless there is a written rental agreement which specifies a longer notice period. If there is, give written notice of any changes in compliance with the longer period of time in the written agreement.
    • Landlords must abide by the lease agreement.
    • If an eviction is necessary, landlords must follow the legal (statutory) eviction process set out in MCL Sec. 554.601a-606.
  • Tenant rights:

    • A tenant has the right to a safe and sanitary home. You have the right to call a health or housing inspector if you think there is a code violation in the property you are renting.
    • A tenant has the right to privacy, peace, and quiet. A landlord can enter the premises at reasonable times for repairs and inspections, but should notify you first. You have the right to tell a landlord what time is reasonable for you.
    • A tenant has the right to written receipts for rent or deposits. If you pay in cash or with a money order and don't get a receipt signed by the landlord, then you may be evicted and have no way of proving that you paid. Always insist on a receipt signed by the landlord when paying with cash or a money order.
    • A tenant has the right to receive notice of changes in lease terms. You are entitled to fifteen days written notice of any change in your month to month oral rental agreement.
    • A tenant has to right to have repairs made within a reasonable amount of time after you request them in writing. Your city or county may have an ordinance specifying the time that your landlord has to make certain repairs.
    • A tenant has the right to remain in residence until proper procedure is taken. You have the right to remain in the property you rent until you are legally evicted by a court order. Landlords do not have the right to lock you out of the property.
  • Tenant responsibilities:

    • A tenant must pay the rent on time. As a tenant, you are responsible to pay your full rent on time.
    • A tenant must take care of property. You must take reasonable care of the property you are renting. When you move, the property must be left in the same condition that you received it, less normal wear and tear.
    • A tenant must notify the landlord when you are going to be away. Let your landlord know when you are going to be out of town or away from home for an extended period of time. It's best to give this notice in writing and keep a copy for your records.
    • A tenant must inform your landlord of needed repairs, in writing, and keep a copy for your records.
    • A tenant must keep noise levels down. Be considerate of other renters and neighbors by keeping the noise level down in your home.
    • A tenant must abide by the lease agreement. Read and discuss your lease with the landlord before you sign it, because you must abide by all its provisions after it's signed.
    • A tenant must give notice before moving. Unless otherwise specified in your lease, give 15 days’ written notice before the end of your rental term.
  • These lists are only part of the rights and responsibilities of a landlord and tenant under the provisions of the landlord tenant laws in Michigan. If you have any questions about Michigan law and your situations, it is important that you consult with an attorney. For additional information about residential landlord and tenant issues or to take advantage of the best tenant screening services, visit LandLordStation.com. You will find a variety of helpful sources for information including an on-line community of real estate experts that share their knowledge and experience at no cost.

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