Investment Property Checklist: What to Look for Before Buying

The single largest purchase most Americans make is a house.

When buying investment property, you repeat that purchase to scale — many times if you’re successful.

Before you sign for an investment property, however, you’ll want to be reasonably certain that the unit will turn a profit.

Here are a few things to check out before you make an offer.

1. Location! Location! Location!

In real estate, it is all about location.

A home on one side of a street might go for 50 percent more than a home on the opposite side.

In New York City, the median rental price for a one-bedroom unit is $4,200 in Tribeca, while the neighboring Lower East Side offers a much more affordable median price of only $2,570.

One block can put a property in the highly desirable Tribeca area or the much less in-demand area of the Lower East Side.

2. Check the Tax Rate

Property taxes may be deductible, but they can also eat up a large portion of the profit on a rental.

In some cases, the taxes on commercial property are much higher than on homes for personal use.

Additionally, some properties have temporary tax credits in place that keep the valuation lower for a set period. The last thing you want is to face a sudden balloon on the property tax assessment.

3. Good Schools Are a Plus

When buying a property to live in, you should always check the surrounding schools, and the same goes when buying an investment property.

Good school districts often mean a more stable housing environment, which can play an important role when you eventually decide to sell.

Plus, they might act as a draw for tenants that have or are considering a family.

4. Crime Rates

Crime can devalue your property and make it harder to find tenants.

Everything from petty theft to vandalism can become a problem if it happens too frequently. If crime is an issue, be sure to look for trends that might indicate a neighborhood improvement.

If crime is on a downturn, it might pay to buy into the community while it’s undervalued. Run a thorough check on all of the crime reports and trends for the area before buying.

5. Vacancy Rates

If there are many empty units, you might not want to buy in that area.

Lots of units mean lots of competition for tenants, which often means lower rents.

The less competition there is from other landlords, the more likely you are to be able to start your property off as a profitable endeavor.

6. Average Rental Rates

To find a profitable investment, you need to know what you can expect a property to bring in on a monthly basis.

Be sure to look at the price per bedroom and per square foot when trying decide.

No two properties are the same, so a very spacious one-bedroom might bring in almost as much as a cramped two-bedroom. Look at the return based on square footage to get a better idea of the potential return on a particular property.

7. Inspect Thoroughly

A house can come with a lot of problems that might not be obvious during a casual walk-through.

Look for signs of water damage, check outlets for possible electrical issues, ask about recent repairs, etc.

Also, be sure to work with an inspector that knows you want a complete repair list. If you know about upcoming maintenance, you can plan for the expense.

When investing in real estate, you can earn back the purchase price in rental fees and reap rewards at the end when you sell the property.

The challenge lies in choosing the right property for your investment. Follow these tips to help narrow down the options.

Guidelines for Pets on a Lease

Landlords who lease to pet owners open up an array of new renters who are ready and willing to pay top dollar for a happy home for their furry friends.

However, many property owners look askance at dogs and cats, deeming them dirty and destructive.

While it’s true that some pet owners are negligent and some pets may be destructive, this isn’t always the case. It’s usually a good idea to rent to pet owners, as long as you take a few necessary precautions.

If you follow the guidelines below, your lease will likely be a success.

1. Know which pets will be living in your home.
If you decide to rent to pet owners, don’t just rent to any pet owner.

Ask owners for specifics about their pets—what breed are they? How large are they? How old are they? (Puppies tend to be more destructive than older dogs, so age is important.)

You’ll also want to know the total number of pets that will be living in the house.

If the property has a backyard, you might also ask how many pets will be living in the house and how many will be outdoor animals, as outdoor animals tend to be less of a problem for property owners.

When you get the specifics, put them in writing and also state that the renter must inform you of any new pets.

2. Ban some pet types if they make you uneasy.
Many owners allow most pets but prohibit certain types or breeds.

For example, you might only allow small dogs under a certain weight limit, or you may only be comfortable with cats.

There might be certain breeds of dogs that make you uneasy (For example, if chihuahuas make you cringe, don’t allow them. After all, you have the final say.)

You can place limits on pets and still attract a wealth of renters.

3. Ask to see veterinarian records.
Responsible pet owners keep their pets vaccinated.

It’s not unreasonable for landlords to request these records.

Current immunizations protect the tenant, the pets, the neighbors, and you.

Pet owners who are responsible enough to keep their pets up to date on shots are generally responsible enough to prevent their pets from being destructive as well.

4. Verify your insurance coverage.
Before you advertise your rentals as pet-friendly, make sure your insurance policy is pet-friendly, too.

Most policies have no problem with pets, but some have their own sets of requirements that you’ll need to keep in mind as you rent the unit.

5. Add a clause to your lease agreement that explains pet conditions.
Everything you decide and communicate to your tenants should be explained clearly in a pet clause within the lease, including breeds, requirements, etc.

If the tenant breaks any of the rules you discussed, you will have better legal recourse.

6. Charge an extra damage deposit.
In addition to your regular damage deposit fee, you should also charge a pet deposit, preferably one per pet.

The average fee varies greatly from one city to the next, so check with other property managers in your area for a good idea of the going rate.

This deposit should be reasonable enough that pet owners will be willing to pay it, but high enough to cover any damage their pets may cause to your home.

Many cities or states have maximum amounts you can charge by law, so check with your jurisdiction for guidelines.

7. Consider charging higher rent.
Because rentals that allow pets are in high demand, it’s possible to charge higher rent for your unit.

Consider raising the price a bit and see how many interested applicants you get.

You can always lower the price if no one bites (pun intended) at your offer.


When Should You Deduct from a Security Deposit?

A security deposit is often, but not always, equal to one month of rent. Ideally, it helps the landlord or property manager pay for any repairs or cleaning that the property needs when the tenants move out. When the cleaning is over, the landlord sends their tenants a check for what remains from the deposit.

It sounds simple, right? Unfortunately for novice landlords, it’s hard to know exactly what to charge to a security deposit. Any miscalculating — whether accidentally or on purpose — is a great way to get angry tenants and a bad reputation for yourself.

Why Should You Give Back A Security Deposit at all?
Some landlords make their tenants hunt them down to give back their security deposits. Others don’t refund security deposits at all, effectively levying an extra month’s worth of rent from tenants.

These practices aren’t legal in a lot of jurisdictions, and you may find yourself in small-claims court if you don’t refund a security deposit when necessary; check your local laws to learn the details. Additionally, refusing a deposit refund makes your tenants very upset because, for a lot of tenants, a security deposit is a lot of money. Even if you never hear a bad word from your renters about it, their family and friends will — not to mention the whole Internet. Future tenants become much less likely to rent from you if they hear that they probably won’t get their security deposit back. Being unable to rent your properties out is not worth the money you get from holding onto the security deposit.

Therefore, it’s best to give back your security deposit. If there’s a delay, communicate that to your tenants. If there’s a dispute between you, remain as straightforward and clear as possible while always holding onto all records of your communications about the rental agreement.

Security Deposit Deductions 101

When your tenants move out, you’re likely to find wear and tear on the property: paint peeling, smudges on the walls, scratch marks and so forth. You can also discover actual damages: holes in walls, broken windows or torn carpet. Only heavy damage is generally considered fair game when deducting from a security deposit.

Remember that even a model tenant can have deductions from their deposit. As you walk through, photograph all damages so that you have a record if the tenant disputes your charges. Remember also that not all damage in a landlord’s eyes is damage in a tenant’s eyes. For instance, imagine that your tenant painted a wall a different color. It may look nice, and the tenant may have had the best of intentions. However, if you need to repaint the wall, that’s still property damage — especially if they never communicated it to you. If they did tell you before painting and you said it was fine, then billing them later isn’t fair — even if you changed your mind.

If you need to call in a repairman or a cleaning team after tenants vacate the premises, so that they can do badly needed cleaning, billing the tenant out of the security deposit is fair. If it’s a standard practice at your properties to call in professionals — to repaint all walls in your properties, for example — don’t deduct unless the damage goes above and beyond normal wear and tear. If you yourself are doing the repairs, keep a close eye on your time, and then you can bill tenants for your own work as you would for a professional doing the same job. Security-deposit deductions aren’t just to compensate for the time spent on repairs; they also pay for new materials. It’s also fair to bill out of the security deposit for anything that needs replacing, like doorknobs, hooks or appliances.

As a rule of thumb, any damage you don’t find within a week or so of your tenant’s departure isn’t eligible for a security-deposit deduction. If your new tenant finds damage a month after moving in, billing the old tenant for it isn’t really an option.

These deductions can add up. Keep a carefully itemized record of deductions. Ideally, give that information back to the tenant when you send back what remains of the deposit. Don’t forget to leave them your contact information so that they know how to get in touch with you if they dispute any charges.


How to Repair a Concrete Walkway

Over time, concrete begins to get pitted, chipped, and cracked.

The signs of aging can appear at even when there is extensive precipitation or extreme weather conditions over the course of a single season.

The good news is that just about anyone can fix this problem when they know how to repair a concrete walkway.

Here’s what you’ve got to do.

1. Select a Concrete Resurfacer.

This product acts like a patch to the concrete that has begun to wear out.

It’s made of a cement and polymer combination and works to fill in all the problem areas that exist on the walkway.

If your walkway is 400 square feet in total, then expect to pick up 8-10 bags of concrete resurfacer for this job.



2. Patch Your Cracks.

Use the resurfacer in a 4:1 ratio with water to patch cracks, holes, and chips in your concrete walkway.

Place the paste that is mixed up into a caulking gun to directly apply it.

If a crack is more than 0.5 inches in size, then concrete repair caulk will be necessary instead.

Smooth all surfaces down with a putty knife.

3. Cover The Expansion Joints.

The large cracks in the walkway that are there to provide expansion of the concrete must remain. Use duct tape to cover them up.

4. Mix The Resurfacer As Instructed.

It works best to mix the materials in a 5 gallon bucket.

You’ll want to mix the resurfacer for at least two minutes or longer if instructed.

5. Apply The Dressing On The Walkway.

You’ll have a thick liquid dressing come out of your bucket.

You’ll need to spread this material out immediately.

It’s helpful to have a second person mixing up another batch of dressing as you smooth out the first.

Use a concrete trowel and press down firmly to make sure the resurfacer fills in evenly.

6. Brush And Let Dry.

A simple push broom creates a slip-resistant surface for you.

Then allow to dry.

Correct any bare spots you see as soon as you can.

Knowing how to repair a concrete walkway can improve the curb appeal of your home.

It only takes a couple of hours to get this job done, but it can be difficult work to do.

Grab your supplies, use this guide, and get started today.

How To Repair a Plaster Ceiling

Over time, a home begins to shift and settle.

As this happens, the weak points of the walls wind up cracking under the increased levels of pressure.

One of the more difficult repairs to make is when the crack occurs somewhere in the ceiling.

By knowing how to repair a plaster ceiling, however, you’ll be able to maintain the aesthetic value of a home with only a little bit of work.

Here’s what you’ve got to do.

1. Determine The Cause Of The Crack.

Many plaster cracks in the ceiling are because of the natural aging and settling process, but there may be another issue present.

Water in the ceiling may cause cracking, as can added weight being placed directly on the ceiling from above.

If the wall is beginning to pull away from the structural supports, then there is a good chance that water could be the issue.

2. Remove Any Damaged Components.

If there is drywall that has been damaged, then it will need to be removed to complete the repair.

Look for mold, mildew, or a crunchy feeling to the texture or plaster when you touch it.

If it is loose, sometimes a simple drywall screw can fix the issue.

If there is just a crack present, then you can move to the next step.

3. Remove Any Loose Dust And Debris.

You may need a vacuum to remove extra dust or debris.

A damp cloth will work as well.

If you use a damp cloth, the area will need to dry before you can proceed to the next repair step.

This step is especially important if there is debris within the gap of sagging drywall.

4. Support The Crack.

Once you have the ceiling supported, you’ll need to begin supporting the crack so the issue doesn’t occur again.

You’ll need to create injection holes in order to do this.

A 0.25 inch bit usually works the best for this as it has the least amount of risk for causing additional damage while still giving you room to use adhesive.

Once the holes are drilled, you’ll once again need to remove debris before filling them.

5. Inject The Adhesive.

Using a latex product that is water-based is usually the best solution to fix a crack in a plaster ceiling, but there are plenty of other acrylic adhesives that can work as well.

You’ll need a caulking gun that can be inserted into the injection holes that you’ve just drilled.

Be careful not to inject too much adhesive into each hole because this can cause the plaster to come off of the ceiling.

Use a damp sponge to create a flush surface.

Repeat until done.

6. Allow To Dry.

It may take between 24-72 hours for the adhesive to fully dry.

You cannot begin the next step until the bond is solid.

Sand down any rough areas before beginning the final repair step as well and be sure to remove any dust or debris that is created.

7. Apply The Paste Filler To The Crack.

Now that the ceiling is fully secured to its foundation, you’re ready to use the filler paste that will help to repair the crack.

Look for a sandable paste that dries hard and quickly so you don’t experience a lot of shrinkage during the final step.

You’ll need to make the crack flush with the ceiling and this may take up to 3 different applications to make sure the repair holds properly.

Allow to dry according to your product instructions.

8. Use a Skim Coat Of Plaster Or Joint Compound.

After the crack has been filled and is flush, it’s time to cover up the repair site.

You can use a thin layer of plaster, joint compound, or a layer of paint for this step.

If you have texture that needs to be replicated, however, it may be better to avoid paint so you won’t have to paid twice.

9. Finish The Repair.

Once your covering component has dried, you’re ready to finalize the repair.

Paint the site to match the rest of the ceiling.

Then you’ll have a plaster ceiling repair that helps your room look as good as new.

Knowing how to repair a plaster ceiling means going through an extensive and labor intensive process.

When done correctly, however, the plaster ceiling can look as good as new for years to come.

Follow these steps to begin your own repair and you’ll find that what seems like a difficult job may be a little easier than expected.

Earn a Higher Rental Rate With Better Landscaping

You’ve heard the saying “You never get a second chance to make a first impression” and that is never truer than in real estate.

While the landscaping is important to buyers looking to purchase a property, it can be just as essential for anyone looking to rent.

What Landscaping Says About a Property
Drive by an apartment or a house with a For Rent sign and see what your first impression is.

A well-trimmed lawn with neatly arranged bushes and trees will bring to mind a landlord who cares about his or her property.

Flowers and festive plants in planters or flowerbeds indicate someone who goes above and beyond to care for the property.

Take a trip to an area where weeds have grown tall and sidewalks are cracked.

You probably won’t want to stop and ask about the property because you wouldn’t want to live there.

While the inside of a property can make or break the deal, the landscaping gets people to stop in the first place.

They develop ideas about what the rest of the home looks like based on how well the exterior is kept.

Increased Value
Studies have shown for years that landscaping increases the value of a property.

That fact is not just for selling properties, but for the price you can get out of renting.

If you don’t believe it can make that big of a difference, think about all of the ways the right landscaping could improve your property.

  • Add privacy and block poor views
  • Reduce noise levels
  • Reduce crime by making it difficult for criminals to access areas or hide
  • Reduce heating and cooling costs

These practical benefits of landscaping can help you sell your property to would-be tenants.

Not only can you charge more for a property that has prime landscaping, but you will rent out your units faster.

Choosing the Right Design
To enjoy these benefits, you must choose the right landscaping design.

This is why it is important to hire professionals to design and complete the work.

You can provide direction by letting them know what you want the landscaping to do for your property, but they are better trained to select the right plants and placement to achieve your goals.

Landscaping not only applies to plants, trees, shrubs and grass, but to the hardscaping of your property.

This includes walkways, patios and decks, and backyard gardens.

When planning a landscaping overhaul, you’ll want to figure in updating or repairing broken archways, outdoor fireplaces and other spaces to ensure the best image for your property.

It is necessary to work within budget, but remember that you can count landscaping costs as part of your business expenses for the rental properties.

This may allow you more money to make bigger improvements.

When updating a rental property to attract tenants, many landlords focus on the inside of the units and forget about other areas.

While the interior is where a resident will spend most of their time at home, they also want to live in a space that looks attractive when they first drive up or walk in.

Take time to view the outdoor spaces of your properties and see them as your tenants would.

Make the necessary changes to ensure your property stands out in a good way.


How To Repair a Leaking Garbage Disposal

A garbage disposal is an extremely useful kitchen appliance.

It can also cause a lot of damage to your undersink cabinet when it decides to leak.

The good news is that most leaks are very easy to fix and you may not even need any tools to get the job done.

Here’s how to repair a leaking garbage disposal.

1. Check For a Secure Fit.

Garbage disposals tend to vibrate as they operate.

This can help them shake loose a bit and break the drainage seal.

A simple turn of the appliance can quickly fix this type of leak.

Just get underneath the sink, unplug the unit, tighten it, and then plug it back in and the repair will be done.

2. There’s Something Stuck In The Rotators.

Most garbage disposals slice up food products with a high speed rotation mechanism.

It floats above the mechanisms that spin the rotors, so sometimes food particles can get stuck in there.

Bone chips, dried rice, and mashed potatoes tend to be the worst offenders for this.

You’ll need to remove the food that has gotten stuck.

If you can see it, then a table knife can often do the trick.

If not, you’ll need to remove the unit and unscrew the rotor to complete the repair.

3. The Emergency Reset Needs To Be Pushed.

Sometimes the reason why the garbage disposal is leaking is because it has stopped working.

There’s an emergency reset button to push somewhere underneath the unit.

Press it and this should solve the problem.

4. There’s a Plumbing Issue.

Sticky foods and cooking oils can clog up the plumbing underneath the sink, but after the garbage disposal.

This makes it seem like the appliance is leaking.

You’ll need to unscrew the PVC trap and physically remove the clog.

Remember: never send down drain cleaner through your garbage disposal.

Knowing how to repair a leaking garbage disposal can help you stop more water damage from happening.

Follow these steps and you’ll be able to complete most repairs in under 60 minutes.

How To Patch a Large Hole In Drywall

If you’ve got a large hole in your drywall, then patching this issue can be a bit tricky.

A standard repair won’t provide the wall with enough strength.

You still have some options for a quick repair, but not as many if the repair issue was a small hole.

Here is what you’re going to need to do.

1. Look For a Metal Plate Patch.

You’ll need something with strength in order to repair a large hole.

That means your best option is a metal plate patch.

You can find these at most hardware stores and major retailers.

The largest size of this patch tends to be 4×4 inches.

Some patches offer a textural repair component, but the strongest patches just have a drywall tape attachment to them.

2. Install The Patch.

Place the patch over your large hole that needs to be repaired.

If the hole is too large for the patch, you’ll need to cut out the hole so that you have two studs exposed for a drywall patch instead.

If you must take the latter option, then expose 50% of the stud and cut your drywall patch to size.

Use drywall tape to help seal your new seams.

3. Coat With Joint Compound.

You’ll need to cover your patch with joint compound for the repair to look seamless if it is a metal patch.

If it is a large drywall patch instead, then just use the joint compound along the seams to cover the tape.

Allow the joint compound to dry completely.

4. Sand Down The Rough Edges.

You want to have a smooth surface on your wall at the repair site.

Use a drywall sander to remove the rough edges from your joint compound patch.

5. Apply Texture.

You can either manually add texture to your wall or you can use a spray texture for an easier solution.

Start from just outside of your repair area and work your way in for a seamless aesthetic.

Allow to dry.

6. Paint To Match.

Now all you need to do is make sure your wall looks fantastic.

Paint the repair area to match the surrounding wall.

If your surrounding paint has faded for some reason, then you may need to repaint the entire room.

Knowing how to patch a large hole in drywall can save you a lot of time and money.

Follow these steps and you’ll be able to complete this repair over the course of a single afternoon.

How To Seal a Drafty Door

When the cold weather begins to come around, the colder air outside can sometimes slip through cracks in a drafty door.

Instead of shoving a towel or blanket in front of it to guard against the cold, you can take these steps to make sure the door has been sealed.

These steps can even be taken in most rental units.

1. Fill The Gap.

If you want to know how to seal a drafty door, then the job is pretty simple: you’ve got to fill the gap with something.

The easiest product that can help you do that is a self-adhesive weather stripping product.

There are numerous colors and sizes available at most hardware stores and retail chains.

Make sure the area where the weather stripping will be affixed is clean, because otherwise the product will come off right away.

To install the weather stripping, you’ll need to measure the door frame.

Then cut the weather stripping to match each horizontal and vertical section that needs to be filled.

If you are putting the product around the entire door, don’t be tempted to take a shortcut by just installing the stripping without cutting it.

This creates curves at the corners of the door that can still allow a draft to come through.

2. Make Sure The Jamb Has Been Properly Sealed.

Sometimes you can actually see the gaps in the door that lead to the outside within the jamb itself.

At other times you may need to remove some of the trim around the door to access this area for the repair. In this circumstance, expanding foams and caulks are generally your best solution.

Use low expansion products because the triple expansion materials can actually disfigure the door jamb and worsen the problem.

If you can’t make an alteration to the property for some reason, then a short-term solution would be to fill those gaps with a removable material and then place the trim back in its place.

It’s like the towel in front of the door, but one that you don’t have to replace every time you use the door. For small gaps, incense sticks or wooden wedges make for an easy to install solution.

3. Install a Brush At The Bottom Of The Door.

If the door does not properly fit the jamb for some reason, then the best solution might be to install a brush or sweeper at the bottom of the door.

This installs much like weather stripping products do, but the difference is that there is a “shield” in place to block the drafts that try to come through.

If bristles get bent or broken on this product it will not work effectively, so it may not be right for high traffic areas.

4. Don’t Forget About The Duct Tape.

If you are not allowed to make any modifications to the property, then duct tape can be a handy tool to have.

You can either apply the duct tape in layers to the door or frame to fill the gap that is letting the cold air in or use the tape to attach a brush.

When it comes time to move out, you’ll need to have a tape residue remover on-hand when you remove the item.

5. Don’t Forget About The Bugs.

If there is a gap in your door during the colder months, then it isn’t just the cold air that is a threat to the integrity of your home.

Spiders and other insects begin moving toward the warmth when the weather changes and will exploit a gap in your door.

You’ll need to either apply a pest repellent or have a solid enough block in place to make sure the bugs can’t get inside.

A great solution for this is called a “threshold seal.”

These will install outside of your door and are best suited for doors that open inward or lift straight up.

As an added bonus, they will stop having puddles form around your door.

You’ll need to clean the area outside the door for a proper installation because an industrial level adhesive is used as part of the installation process.

Knowing how to seal a drafty door could be as simple as rolling up a towel to place in front of it, but these steps will give you a more permanent solution.

Once the job is completed, a door can be draft-free all season long.

Choose your preferred option, get your tools, and then enjoy a warm and pest-resistant home all winter long.

How To Seal a Concrete Driveway

It doesn’t take too much time or cash to seal a concrete driveway.

All you need is a few supplies from your local hardware or home improvement store and a nice day to get the job done.

In return, you’ll be able to make your driveway look fantastic for several additional years.

The main problem that degrades a concrete driveway over time is water.

Some moisture from rainfall and other precipitation can stay underneath the concrete or even within the material itself.

This means it can freeze and expand underneath the concrete, causing it to crack or flake.

By sealing the driveway, less water can get through the porous concrete and that makes it less likely to change with the natural expansion and contraction process.

Here are the steps that you’re going to want to follow to make sure your driveway has the longest life possible.

1. Make Sure The Concrete Driveway Has Completely Cured.

Concrete needs about 30 days to cure properly when it has been set as a driveway.

You cannot apply any sealer to the concrete until then.

After the 30 days have elapsed, all dirt, debris, and other oil or grease residue must be removed before applying the sealer.

Give the driveway 24 hours to completely dry.

2. Fix Any Cracks Or Potholes That May Be In The Driveway.

If you’re sealing an older driveway, then it should be in good repair before the process begins.

You’ll need to fill in any cracks and fix any potholes before proceeding.

A quick setting concrete can fix a pothole in about 3 days, while certain caulks and fillers can repair a crack within 24 hours.

Make sure that the sealant you plan to use will not negatively interact with the repair products you’ve chosen.

3. Install a Gutter Barrier.

Concrete sealant is a liquid material, which means there is always a chance that the product may run into your storm sewage drains.

This is especially true if you live in an area that sees consistent precipitation.

Installing a gutter barrier can prevent any of the sealant from reaching the drainage system to reduce potential contamination.

This may require a permit from your local jurisdiction.

4. Apply a Siloxane Sealant To The Driveway If The Concrete Is 0.5 Inches Or Less In Thickness.

You’ll need to pick up a roller or a large brush to apply a sealer to your concrete driveway.

Some sealers are available in a spray form, but they may cost more for the convenience of spraying as an application.

It’s ok if you get some sealant on your grass, landscaping, or other surfaces.

Just wash the sealant off with soap and water if this happens.

Note: Certain sealants are also solvent-based or water-based and these offer a glossy finish when compared to a penetrating sealant.

A glossy finish is usually not recommended for driveways unless the concrete is decorative in nature.

5. Apply The Sealant Evenly.

A driveway tends to have small sections that will cause puddles to form.

As the sealant is being applied, you will notice that the concrete will begin to have a faint whitish color to it.

This is normal.

What you will want to look for are puddles that are of a deeper white color because this shows the sealant has puddled for some reason.

Spread out these puddles evenly and then allow the entire driveway to dry.

This takes another 24 hours even if the sealant says it is ready for use before then.

6. Try To Use a Horizontal Rolling Pattern Instead Of a Vertical One.

Siloxane sealants tend to apply better if you go against the “grain” of your driveway.

Most driveways have a slight slope to them to allow for drainage.

Use the roller horizontally to make sure there is a maximum level of penetration of the sealant into the pores of the concrete to preserve its look.

7. Some Sealants Allow For a Slip-Resistant Coating To Be Added.

If you are making your concrete driveway a slip-resistant surface, then you will have certain powders or other textures to add during the sealing process.

The two most common types of additives are silica sand and plastic grit.

This is generally mixed into the sealant before it is applied.

Follow the instructions from the manufacturer on any additives for the best result.

Knowing how to seal a concrete driveway can ensure that you’ll be able to use it for several years to come.

Protect it against moisture today and you won’t have to worry about premature cracking, flaking, or splitting any more.