How to Patch a Metal Roof

Metal roofing can be a cost-effective method of protecting a home.

Over time, however, it can also receive damage that will cause it to begin leaking.

Instead of trying to replace the entire thing, here’s how to patch a metal roof for a fraction of the cost.

1. Loose Nails Are The Most Common Culprit.

Inspect your metal roof for loose nails, screws, or bolts.

Pull any that have become bent and replace them.

Tighten all others so that they are once again water-resistant.

If screws were used, make sure to look at the gasket underneath the screw to make sure it is intact.

2. Repair Any Spots Of Deterioration.

If you find corrosion has struck your metal roof, you must prepare that site for a patch.

Use steel wool or a wire brush to remove any rust.

Make sure any dust/debris has been removed from the site with a damp cloth. Allow the area to completely dry.

Then you will want to use a metal primer made for this type of roof to cover the corroded area.

Use an application process that will not shed bristles or foam into the primer.

A second coat that matches the color of the metal roof will then protect it against future damage.

These are often found in spray paint containers.

3. Seal Up The Roof.

If there is more than just a bit of corrosion or a loose nail to the leaking roof, then a metal roof cement will be required to seal up the surface.

Urethane tends to be the best form of cement because it stands up to sunlight better.

Cheaper options are plastic or asphalt cement.

Apply directly to the leaking area.

A flashing membrane may also be suitable in some instances.

4. Restore Your Flashing.

Sometimes the expansion and contraction of the roof will cause a small separation of the flashing.

If this has happen, just tighten it up and use the same cement to seal off the edges, seams, and joints.

Knowing how to patch a metal roof can help you save a lot of time and money when it comes to stopping a leak.


Follow these steps and you’ll be able to complete this chore in no time at all.

How to Seal an Attic Door

One of the most common places for heat to escape your home is through the roof.

When there is an unsealed attic door present, it becomes even easier to lose this energy resource.

That’s why knowing how to seal an attic door can help you quickly save some cash during the colder months for a relatively small investment of time and money.

Here’s what you’re going to need to do.

1. Install Weatherstripping.

You can find weatherstripping that is self-sticking for a quick installation.

You can also apply your own through tubing if you prefer.

If your attic door rests on its moldings, then you’ll also want to install 2.5 inch wide stops during this process to make sure the attic door doesn’t create premature wear and tear on your weatherstripping.

Make sure to press the weatherstripping in firmly and give it time to dry properly before closing the attic door on it.

2. Insulate The Back Of Your Door.

Most attic doors have an open hatch that will still allow energy to escape despite the weatherstripping. By adding insulation to the back of the door, you’ll be able to do a better job of sealing in the energy. You can use something as simple as a piece of foam board cut to shape or install fiberglass, newspaper, or your preferred insulation.

3. Install An Attic Stair Cover.

If you have a pull-down set of attic stairs, then you’ll want to make sure they are covered to prevent energy loss.

These install just like insulation does to help make sure you aren’t spending more on your utility costs than you should be.

4. Do a Final Check Of Your Attic.

Many attics aren’t finished and often don’t have any insulation covering the wiring that runs between the joists.

Sealing your attic door won’t do any good if your attic is completely bare because the heat will just escape through your unprotected ceilings instead.

Knowing how to seal an attic door means treating this door as if it were an outdoor entry point.

Whether your access point is in your garage or in a bedroom, following these steps will help you save some cash now and in the future for less than 60 minutes worth of work.

Get started today and your tomorrow will be much warmer.

How To Seal a Basement Floor

Knowing how to seal a basement floor can do more than just make sure you keep the moisture out.

It’s also a necessary step to take if you plan to install a finished floor at some point in the future.

These simple steps will help you make sure the job gets done correctly the first time around.

Step #1: Clean the Floor

You’ll need to remove all dirt and debris from the basement floor to prepare it for the sealing process.

This includes all paints, glues, and oils as well.

Use a cleaner that is specifically designed for the materials that must be removed.

Then allow the basement floor to naturally dry if needed before proceeding to the next step.

Step #2: Vacuum the Surface

Take a vacuum cleaner to the basement floor to remove any dust and crumbling concrete that may still be lingering.

Pay close attention to the edges and corners of the floor in particular.

If there are any small cracks in the floor, you’ll want to run the vacuum over the area multiple times to ensure all debris has been removed.

Step #3: Place the First Coat of Sealant

Many basement floor sealants are epoxy-based, so you’ll want to have the floor be a cool surface so the sealant can adhere well.

Roll out the sealant in a thin first layer, making sure to cover the entire area of the floor.

If you need to do one side of the basement floor first and then the other side later because of what you have stored down there, that will also work.

Then add a second layer of sealant after the first layer has completely dried.

Step #4: Make Repairs

If there are any cracks that did not seal well with the sealant, then now is the time to have them repaired.

You have multiple options to create a water-resistant seal, from tar to epoxy to caulk.

Some may require you to place a third layer of sealant over the repair site.

Knowing how to seal a basement floor requires only a few tools and a couple of days to complete.

Get started on this process today so that your basement can stay dry all year long.

How To Patch a Shingle Roof

A large windstorm just blew through your neighborhood.

Moss and algae accumulation has caused damage.

A long summer has caused shingles to curl from the heat.

There can be numerous reasons why it is important to know how to patch a shingle roof.

How you get the job done follows these steps.

1. Locate the Damage

You’ll need to know where the exact leak is occurring on your shingle roof.

This may be obvious because of missing shingles, but may not always be that way.

You may need to inspect the interior of your attic to look for water stains.

Watch for nails that have turned white as an indication of where the leak is strongest.

2. Repair Water Damage

You may have water damage which needs to be repaired.

This may mean replacing insulation, removing damaged shingles, or repairing the boards which support the roof.

Any moisture which remains can encourage mold to grow. You may also need to replace the roofing paper and any weatherproofing membranes in the leaking area as well.

3. Replace the Shingles

You’ll next need to replace the shingles that have been damaged once any repairs have been completed.

Make sure to follow the overlapping pattern that has been placed on your roof to make sure moisture is unable to get through.

You may also need to check your flashing, soffits, and other components of the roof while replacing shingles to make sure you have a proper seal.

4. Seal the Shingles in Place

Some shingles can be installed with a few nails and the job is done.

Others require you to seal the shingles into place for greater moisture resistance.

Make sure to follow any specific instructions listed on your preferred shingles to receive the best possible experience.

5. Make Routine Inspections

It is far cheaper to repair minor roof issues than to replace an entire roof when water damage occurs.

Once you’ve patched your shingle roof, make monthly inspections of it if you live in a high moisture or high sun environment.

This will allow you to repair damage while it is still in its beginning stages.

Knowing how to patch a shingle roof can extend the life of this integral part of your home.

Follow these steps and you’ll be able to have a potentially successful DIY repair.

How To Patch Concrete Cracks

Concrete cracks can cause some major damage to paths, sidewalks, and driveways if they are left unaddressed.

They need to be fixed as soon as possible to prevent water from getting underneath the concrete, eroding the soil and causing even more damage.

The good news is that a simple 10 minute fix can help you prolong the life of your concrete. Here are the steps you’ll want to follow.

1. Make Sure You’ve Cleaned Out The Concrete Crack Completely.

You’ll need to remove all dirt, debris, weeds, roots, and other items that may be in the crack.

Take a screwdriver and scratch away at the crack, then follow it up with a wire brush or small whisk broom. I

f there is a lot of debris coming out of the crack, then a leaf blower or multipurpose vacuum cleaner.

2. Install a Backer Rod If Needed.

Whenever you’re filling in large gaps on the exterior of your home, you’ll be using a backer rod.

The same is true when fixing a large concrete crack.

Take the backer rod and cut it to the size of the crack.

Push it in as firmly as you can with your fingers.

Then take the screwdriver and push it in even further, being careful not to damage the backer rod.

You should follow this step if the crack is wider than 0.25 inches in size.

3. Fill In The Crack With Concrete Caulk.

It’s best to use a self-leveling bead when filling in the concrete crack with caulk.

Start at the beginning of the crack and slowly work your way down, keeping the bead as consistent as possible.

This will fill-in the area of concern, whether you’re dealing with a cold joint or a crack due to settling.

There are different colors available for asphalt and colored concrete as well so a direct match can be made.

4. Take a Finger Down The Crack To Seal The Joint.

This step is optional.

If you want to have a more seamless look for your repair, press your finger into the bead to flatten it out.

This will seal the crack a little more, but also reduce the appearance of the repair.

Knowing how to patch concrete cracks will save you many future headaches from soil erosion. Get started today and you’ll be done in no time at all.

How To Patch Cracks in Drywall

Cracks in your drywall can appear for a number of different reasons. Even the natural settling process of a house can cause cracks to form.

The good news is that fixing this problem is very easy, only takes a couple of tools, and can be completed over the course of an afternoon.

Here’s what you’re going to do.

1. Grab Your Supplies.

You’ll need a putty knife, joint compound, spackle to match the texture of your walls, and matching paint if it is needed.

If the crack is particularly long or wide, you may also need some drywall tape.

A drywall sander and breathing protection are also good ideas.

2. Prepare The Crack.

Make sure the drywall crack is as clean as possible.There will always be some drywall dust in there.

You’re looking to remove any foreign debris and excessive dust that could interfere with the joint compound patch.

Apply the drywall tape over the crack once it has been cleaned out if necessary.

3. Apply The Joint Compound.

Take your putty knife and press the joint compound directly into the crack.Then with a vertical movement, smooth the compound for a flush surface.

Repeat with a horizontal stroke.

Continue doing this until the entire crack has been filled.

Allow to dry, which usually takes about 2-4 hours for most cracks.

4. Sand It Down.

Your drywall patch may have some ridges or bumps in it.

Sand it down to create a flush surface with the wall.

5. Finish It Off.

If you need to add spackle to your repair site to match your wall texture, then now is the time to do it.

Apply according to instructions and allow to dry. Then paint the repair site to match.

Knowing how to repair cracks in drywall can dramatically improve the visual aesthetics of a room.

Take these steps and you’ll be able to complete this repair in no time at all.

How To Seal Granite Countertops

Granite is one of the hardest substances on Earth. This makes it the perfect countertop material.

Because of how sturdy it is, it can be easy to think that the granite doesn’t need some routine maintenance in order for it to keep its shine.

If neglected long enough, even granite can become receptive to stains and other damage.

That’s why knowing how to seal granite countertops can help you maintain the value of this material with a minimal time and monetary investment.

You can pick up a granite sealer for about $15 at most local stores. Here are the steps to take so you can get the job done.

1. Gather Your Materials.

You’re going to need some dry towels, a wash cloth, your preferred granite sealer, and some anti-bacterial dish soap to have on hand for this job.

Plan on it taking between 40-60 minutes once you have all of your materials ready to go.

2. Clean Your Granite Countertop.

You’ll want to clean your countertop with warm water mixed with liquid dish soap.

You’ll need to make sure any debris, dust, or other foreign particles are completely removed from the surface.

Do not use bleach or caustic cleaning agents with a high acidity or high base for this process.

Allow the granite to completely dry before moving onto the next step.

You can use your lint-free dry towels to facilitate the drying process.

3. Protect Your Coordinating Surfaces.

Many granite countertops have a tile backsplash which compliments the look.

There may also be drywall, sink fixtures, or other items which may be damaged by the granite sealer.

Cover any items that can’t be moved with plastic to avoid getting some sealant spray on them to avoid having another headache come your way.

4. Apply The Granite Sealer.

Granite sealers generally work best when they are directly applied to the countertop with a spray bottle.

Make sure you properly label the bottle since sealants can look like other items.

Spray the countertop so the surface is completely saturated with the sealant. It should have a mirror-like quality to it when you’re applying enough of it for up to 5 seconds.

You may see some small bubbles of sealant begin to appear – this is fine.

5. Allow The Sealant To Sit.

For the granite sealant to work, you will need to allow it to sit on your countertop for at least 10 minutes.

This will give it time to soak into the material. Make sure that your room is properly vented so the smell of the sealant doesn’t become overwhelming.

Many sealants can cause dizziness, headaches, and breathing difficulties if the exposure is too long.

Don’t open doors or windows unless you’re confident debris will not get into the sealant as it is sitting.

6. Remove The Excess Sealant After 10 Minutes.

Using a blotting motion with your lint-free dry towels, remove any extra sealant that hasn’t soaked into the granite.

Once all of the excess sealant has been removed, take another dry towel and use a circular cleaning motion to make sure it has all been removed from the countertop.

7. Repeat The Process.

Granite is a porous enough material that it requires a second coat of sealant after you’ve applied the first.

You’ll need to go back to Step #4 and complete it, as well as Steps #5 and #6 once again.

Apply the sealant in exactly the same way for a second coat.

8. Give The Countertop a Chance To Cure.

You’ll need to refrain from using your countertop for about 6 hours after you’ve applied your second coat, let it soak in for 10 minutes, and then removed the excess sealant.

Some sealants have specific instructions which must be followed at this stage.

Because there is so much variability in each product, you’ll need to check with the manufacturer’s instructions for guidelines to this step completion.

9. Give Your Granite Countertop One Final Good Cleaning.

Once you have waited an appropriate amount of time, it is important to give your countertop one more good cleaning.

This will remove any remaining excess sealant that remains on the surface.

You’ll once again want to use warm water and your dish soap for this process.

Clean with the wash cloth, using a circular cleaning motion, to make sure the counter is ready for use.

Most sealants that you’ll find in stores will last between 6-12 months when properly applied. Some sealants, however, are rated to last for up to 15 years.

Choose your preferred sealant, follow these steps, and you’ll know how to seal granite countertops quickly and effectively on your own.

How To Patch Concrete Steps

Concrete is a very durable surface.

It is used for foundations, patios, pathways, and driveways.

Over time, however, concrete can begin to wear down and develop cracks, holes, or begin to crumble.

Knowing how to patch concrete steps is a bit of a tricky DIY repair when compared to other concrete repairs, but these steps will help you get it done.

1. Create a Form.

To create a concrete step, you must first be able to place your concrete into the proper position for the repair.

This means you’ll need a form that fits your concrete step.

The only exception to this would be if you have a small crack or hole that can be patched without the need to recreate the step shape.

Put the form into place around the step.

2. Clean The Repair Area.

You must remove all dirt and debris from the repair site.

This includes any crumbling concrete that is loose, but not necessarily detached from the step.

If you use water to do the cleaning, make sure the concrete has enough time to dry.

3. Apply New Concrete.

A quick-setting concrete is typically the best option for this type of repair.

Mix it up according to the brand’s instructions and then put into place with a trowel.

Press firmly to make sure there aren’t air bubbles in the concrete that could create more problems for you in the future.

Use small coats and flatten with your trowel until you get a flush surface. Allow to dry.

4. Moisten For The Next 72 Hours.

If you are using regular concrete for your concrete step patch, then you’ll need to cover it and keep it moist for at least 72 hours so that it will cure properly.

A light mist once per day is generally enough, but this is dependent on current weather conditions.

5. Remove Your Form.

Once the concrete has properly dried, then you can remove the form that is supporting your repair site if it was needed.

You may need to give the steps another 24-48 hours before use to make sure it has properly set.

Some communities may require a building permit for this type of repair.

Check with your local regulations before beginning, gather your supplies, and then you’ll know how to patch concrete steps quickly to restore the look of your property.

How To Seal Grout in Shower

Grout is naturally porous, which makes it a great addition to the shower.

The only problem is that if you leave the grout in your shower unsealed, that porous nature becomes a disadvantage.

Once mildew, mold, water minerals, and other contaminants get into the grout, it can be costly and time consuming to repair the issue. That’s why knowing how to seal grout in the shower is to your advantage.

You’ll want to seal the grout after it has dried when first installed and then every year afterward for the best results.

Here’s what you’re going to need to do.

1. Allow Your Grout To Completely Dry.

For new installations, it will take up to 72 hours for your grout to completely dry.

For a yearly sealant update, you’ll want to avoid using your shower for at least 24 hours for best results.

2. Make Sure Your Grout Is Clean.

You’ll need to scrub by hand every grout line in your shower to prepare it for the sealant.

Use clean water and a course scrubbing pad while wearing protective gloves for this process. Breathing protection may also be necessary.

Once every line has been scrubbed, use a clean cloth or sponge to wipe away the grout debris.

Then you’ll need to allow the grout in the shower to dry for up to 24 hours once again.

3. Prepare The Sealant.

Most sealants for shower grout need to be poured into an applicator bottle.

There may also be some elements which need to be mixed together.

Follow the preparation instructions on your preferred sealant, make sure your applicator or bottle is securely fastened, and then make sure your room has been properly ventilated.

4. Completely Saturate The Grout With The Sealant.

You’ll want to go down the center of each grout line and let the sealant completely saturate the surface.

It is common for some of the sealant to get onto your tile and other shower fixtures, so make sure you have some dry paper towels on hand to blot up the excess sealant which escapes from the grout.

Work in small sections around the shower, making sure to get every grout line, and allow the sealant to dry for 5-10 minutes or as indicated by the product.

5. Apply a Second Coat Of Sealant.

Once you’ve completed each grout line in your shower, removed extra sealant, and allowed it to dry properly, then you’ll need to repeat the process.

Every grout line will need to receive a second coat.

Work in small sections once again, removing any extra sealant that gets onto your tile, as you cover the entire shower.

6. Hazy Tiles Indicate There Is Still Sealant On Them.

As you begin cleaning up your tiles as the second coat begins to cure, you’ll notice that some seem to have a hazy appearance on them.

This is an indication that you have removed all of the excess sealant on that tile.

Using a dry paper towel, work in a circular motion to clean the tile, being careful near the edges to not disrupt the curing sealant.

7. You Can Keep Adding More Layers Of Grout Seal If Needed.

If you’re concerned that two coats of sealant are not enough to give your shower grout an adequate level of protection, then you can place 1 or several more after each coat has properly dried.

You’ll know that you have enough sealant on your grout when water beads on the surface instead of being absorbed by the grout.

8. Allow The Final Coat To Properly Cure.

Follow the instructions on your preferred sealant as to the length of time it needs to cure.

Do not use the shower for this period of time. A humid environment may also affect the integrity of the curing process, so avoid having a steamy bath while the grout sealant is drying to achieve the best results possible.

Solvent-based sealants tend to last longer, but water-based sealants are generally safer to apply, especially in confined environments.

If the tiles aren’t getting clean with dry rubbing, you can use a damp cloth on them.

Just be careful not to place a wet cloth on drying sealant as this will affect the integrity of the curing process.

Knowing how to seal grout in the shower will help you maintain a healthy environment that can withstand the rigors of high moisture levels.

If you don’t know when the last time your shower grout was sealed, then follow these steps today to preserve your bathroom.

How to Seal Hardwood Floors

Even the most beautiful of home floors will need some loving care for it to always look its best.

This means that knowing how to seal hardwood floors can help your home maintain its value and charm.

Here are the steps you’ll want to follow for a successful experience.

1. Make Sure Your Home Is Well Ventilated.

There will be a lot of dust in the air when you’re sealing your hardwood floors.

Many of the products you may wish to use could also emit harmful vapors.

You’ll want to make sure there is air movement within the room and that you’re wearing personal protective equipment to guard your breathing passageways.

Keep in mind that an open door or window without a screen can also contaminate your environment and make this job more difficult, so not every ventilation method is a good one.

2. Make Sure Your Hardwood Floors Are Smooth.

The first step in the sealing process is to make sure your floors have had scratches, dents, dings, and other visible damage removed.

This typically means needing to sand the floor.

Although you could theoretically use hand sanders to get this job done, a large rotary sander will save you a lot of time and give you results that are more consistent.

3. Clean Up.

Sanding your hardwood floors is going to create a huge mess.

You’ll need to remove all sawdust, debris, and grit that is leftover from the sanding process.

Use a vacuum to remove items since the sanding process exposes the wood and makes it more vulnerable to damage. Do not use water for the cleanup process at all.

Once you’re finished vacuuming, run a tack cloth over the floor to make sure you’ve gotten all the dust.

4. Stain The Hardwood Floor First.

The sanding process on your hardwood floor will also likely remove most, if not all, of the stain that gives your home the charm it has.

You’ll want to apply a new coat or two of stain before you begin the sealing process.

Not just any stain will do.

A penetrating stain is going to give you the best results. Use a roller and follow the grain of the wood, making each coat as even as possible.

Make sure the stain won’t raise the grain of the wood so you’re forced to sand it again.

Give the stain at least 1 hour to dry or whatever the instructions on the stain require.

5. Now You’re Ready To Apply The Sealant.

Most hardwood floor sealants are made from polyurethane.

This gives the floor the shiny surface that is so attractive and durable.

It also means that you’ll need to apply two coats of sealant to achieve the results you’ll want to have.

Just as you did with the stain, use a roller and follow the grain of the wood as you apply the sealant.

The first coat will need to apply for at least 6 hours before proceeding to the next step.

6. Lightly Sand Your Hardwood Floor Again.

You’ll need to lightly sand the first coat of sealant with a fine grade of sandpaper to get the second coat to adhere properly. A #220 sandpaper will generally provide you with the best results.

Once you’ve sanded the entire floor, you’ll need to once again vacuum up the debris.

Wear breathing protection during this process because polyurethane dust can be potentially harmful to human health.

Use a tack cloth to remove any remaining dust.

7. Apply The Second Coat Of Sealant.

The second coat of sealant goes on just like the first coat did.

Go with the grain of the wood and use a roller to apply it. Be as even with your application as you can be.

Once the second coat has been fully applied, it will need to dry for at least 8 hours. It is typically recommended to just allow it to dry overnight to avoid damaging the sealant inadvertently.

Otherwise you may wish to spend a day away from the home so the floor can dry properly.

Knowing how to seal hardwood floors can help you maintain your home for a fraction of the price of having a contractor do this work for you.

Although there is no set timetable for how often this job needs to be completed, a hardwood floor that looks worn out will benefit from this process.

Get started today with these steps if needed and your floor will look brand new once again.